« Lifelong learning — key competences » – Publication de l’Union Européenne


Source de l’article : https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=LEGISSUM:c11090

Texte :


It urges EU governments to make teaching and learning of key competences part of their lifelong learning strategies. The recommendation identifies 8 key competences that are fundamental for each individual in a knowledge-based society.


  • The 8 key competences are the following:
    1. Communicating in a mother tongue: ability to express and interpret concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions both orally and in writing.
    2. Communicating in a foreign language: as above, but includes mediation skills (i.e. summarising, paraphrasing, interpreting or translating) and intercultural understanding.
    3. Mathematical, scientific and technological competence:sound mastery of numeracy, an understanding of the natural world and an ability to apply knowledge and technology to perceived human needs (such as medicine, transport or communication).
    4. Digital competence: confident and critical usage of information and communications technology for work, leisure and communication.
    5. Learning to learn: ability to effectively manage one’s own learning, either individually or in groups.
    6. Social and civic competences: ability to participate effectively and constructively in one’s social and working life and engage in active and democratic participation, especially in increasingly diverse societies.
    7. Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship: ability to turn ideas into action through creativity, innovation and risk taking as well as ability to plan and manage projects.
    8. Cultural awareness and expression: ability to appreciate the creative importance of ideas, experiences and emotions in a range of media such as music, literature and visual and performing arts.

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